Frequently Asked Questions UK

English, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh and Irish are the most commonly spoken languages .

The currency of the United Kingdom is the British Pound (GBP) 
. As of May 2, 2024, 1 British Pound is worth approximately 40.51 Turkish Lira (TRY) . Additionally:
 -Scotland : Although the Scottish pound sterling (GBP) is the official currency , some Scottish banknotes are also in circulation. 
 -Northern Ireland : Although the Northern Irish pound (GBP) is the official currency , the Euro is also widely used. 
 -Isle of Man and Jersey: Although they have their own currencies (Isle of Man pound and Jersey pound), sterling is also widely used.

It is a temperate maritime climate. Although it varies by region, rainy and cool weather generally prevails throughout the year. Summers are warm and winters are cold .

Vehicles are on the left side of the steering wheel. 
 Miles are used instead of kilometers. 
 Road signs and signs are in English. 
You must give the turn signal using your vehicle’s left headlight. Speed Limit: The speed limit in residential areas is 30 mph ( approximately 48 km/h) and on rural roads it is 70 mph ( approximately 113 km/h) . On highways, the speed limit is 70 mph ( approximately 113 mph) km/h) or 112 mph (about 180 km/h).

It is one of the largest economies in the world. The service sector is the sector that contributes the most to the economy . Fields such as finance, insurance, tourism and education have an important place.

Predominantly White British people live in England . According to the 2021 census, 86.6% of the UK population identifies as White British . This corresponds to approximately 56.4 million . However, England is a highly multicultural country and there are also significant numbers of immigrants and minority groups in its population. In 2021, the largest minority groups living in England are : Asians: 7.5% (about 4.9 million) Blacks: 3.5% (about 2.3 million) Mestizos: 2.5% (about 1.6 million) Other : % 0.9 (approximately 600,000) These minority groups include immigrants and their descendants from countries such as India, Pakistan, China, Nigeria, Poland and Ireland.

Service sector (finance, insurance, tourism, education , real estate, etc.) Production sector (aviation, automotive, pharmaceuticals, etc.) 
 Agricultural sector

London, Manchester, Birmingham

USA, Cayman Islands, Jersey, Netherlands, France, Luxembourg, Switzerland , Japan, Singapore, Canada, Hong Kong, Denmark

British cuisine is a type of cuisine that offers a rich range of flavors, influenced by different cultures over the centuries. This cuisine, which bears traces of cuisines such as French, Indian and Caribbean cuisine , offers options that appeal to every palate, from hearty main dishes to sweet treats.

Popular Flavors

Fish and Chips: This delicacy consisting of fried fish and chips has become the symbol of British cuisine . It is usually served with tartar sauce or crushed peas.

Sunday Roast: This traditional meal , which is indispensable on Sundays, includes roasted meat (usually beef), Yorkshire pudding, French fries, vegetables and gravy sauce.

Shepherd’s Pie: This satisfying dish made of mashed potatoes coated with a mixture of minced meat, onions and vegetables is one of the classics of British cuisine . 

Bangers and Mash: This simple and delicious dish consisting of sausage and mashed potatoes is usually served with onion sauce or gravy sauce .

Afternoon Tea: Afternoon tea , which is an important part of British culture , consists of sandwiches, cakes, cream scones and various teas. Must-Try Things

Cornish Pasty : Pastry filled with meat , vegetables and potatoes.

Full English Breakfast: A hearty breakfast plate consisting of various ingredients such as eggs, sausage, bacon, beans, mushrooms, bread and butter .

Steak and Ale Pie: Classic English pastry made with meat and beer . -Victoria Sponge Cake: Two-layer sponge cake filled with cream and jam. -Sticky Toffee Pudding: A moist cake served with dates and caramel sauce.

Land Border:

In the north: Scotland

In the west: Wales

Sea Border:

In the southeast : France

In the northeast : Norway 
 In the east : Denmark

In the northwest: Ireland 

Seasonal Transitions :

Spring : Between March and May. The weather is generally sunny and cool. 

Summer: Between June and August . The hottest months are July and August . The average temperature is between 16°C and 21°C.

Autumn: Between September and November. The weather is generally cool and rainy . 

Winter : Between December and February . The coldest month is January. The average temperature is between 4°C and 7°C.

Summer: Temperatures can reach up to 25°C in July and August .

Average Lowest Temperature : 4°C. This value can be seen at night and in the early mornings during the winter months (December- February ).

Average Highest Temperature: 16°C. This value can be seen in the afternoons during the summer months (June- August).

King: Charles III

Prime minister : Rishi Sunak 

Party: Conservative and Unionist Party

Strong Economy: England is one of the largest economies in the world and has political stability. This provides a reliable environment for investors and ensures the protection of their investments.

Advanced Infrastructure : It has an advanced infrastructure in areas such as transportation , telecommunication and energy . This makes doing business easier for investors and reduces costs . 

Highly Qualified Workforce : It has an educated and qualified workforce . This makes it easier for investors to find people with the skills they need . 

Innovation Centre: England is a center of innovation in science and technology. This provides investors with an ideal environment to develop new products and services .

Tax Advantages: The UK government offers various tax advantages to attract foreign investors . These advantages can increase the profitability of investments .

Turkey is the only country that officially recognizes the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) 

Some important countries that de facto accept TRNC are as follows:

Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan has close political and economic relations with TRNC and accepts TRNC passports. 

Pakistan: Although Pakistan does not have diplomatic relations with the TRNC, it has declared that it accepts the TRNC as a state and wants to trade with it .

North Korea: North Korea officially recognized the TRNC in 2003, but this recognition was largely ignored internationally. -Gambia: Gambia officially recognized the TRNC in 2013, but this recognition was withdrawn in 2019.


United States: The USA has the largest economy in the world and is similar to the UK in many aspects. Investors can compare the UK with the US to compare which country offers better investment opportunities.

Germany: Germany has the largest economy in the European Union and is known for its political stability and solid economy. Investors can compare the UK with Germany to compare which country offers a safer investment environment.

France: France is one of the largest economies in Europe and has a strong culture and developed infrastructure. Investors can compare England to France to compare which country offers a higher quality of life.

Singapore: Singapore is one of Asia’s most important financial centers and is known for its low tax rates and investor-friendly policy. Investors can compare the UK with Singapore to compare which country offers more attractive tax benefits.

China: China is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and offers great investment potential. Investors can compare the UK to China to compare which country offers higher return potential.


London: London is the capital of the United Kingdom and one of the most important financial centers in the world. Investors can compare London with other major financial centers such as New York, Tokyo, Hong Kong and Singapore to compare which city offers better investment opportunities.

Manchester: Manchester is the third largest city in the United Kingdom and has become an important investment center in recent years. Investors can compare Manchester with other British cities such as Birmingham, Leeds and Liverpool to compare which city is growing faster and has more potential.

Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and an important financial and educational centre. Investors can compare Edinburgh with other Scottish cities such as Glasgow, Aberdeen and Dundee to compare which city has a higher quality of life and more developed infrastructure.

Christianity is the most common religion. Christians make up 59% of the population. Other important religions are Islam (5.5%), Hinduism (1.4%) and Buddhism (0.5%).

London: It has a wide range of jobs in sectors such as finance, technology and media. It is an expensive city, but it has high return potential.

Southeast: Strong economy and high standard of living. Popular destinations include Reading, Brighton and Oxford.

North West: Renewed economy and affordable properties. Popular destinations include Manchester, Liverpool and Leeds.

North East: Renewed economy and affordable properties. Popular destinations include Newcastle, Durham and York.

Scotland: Growing economy and developing technology sector. Popular destinations include Edinburgh, Glasgow and Aberdeen.

Strong economy, high standard of living, rising commodity prices (London, South East)

Population growth, highly educated workforce, safe environment (London, South East)

Advanced transportation, strong energy infrastructure, high-speed internet (most regions)

Historical and cultural significance, natural beauty (Bath, York, Lake District, Scottish Highlands)

Small Car: £55-75 per day

Medium Car: £70-90 per day

SUV: £90-125 per day

Luxury Car: £150 and above per day

London: 6 airports (Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted, City, Southend, Denham)

Birmingham: 1 airport (Birmingham)

Manchester: 1 airport (Manchester)

Leeds: 1 airport (Leeds Bradford)

Glasgow: 2 airports (Glasgow, Prestwick)

Transportation Types:

Trains: Fast and comfortable, ideal for long distances.

Buses: Common and cheap, intercity and intracity services.

Metros: Fast and convenient in big cities (London, Birmingham, Glasgow).

Trams: For urban travel (Manchester, Sheffield, Nottingham).

Ferries: Transport to islands and coastal areas

Additional Information:

Bicycle use is common, bicycle paths and rentals are available.

Taxis and car sharing are also common.


US Dollar (USD): While it was at 1 GBP = 1.30 USD in January 2023, it decreased to 1 GBP = 1.23 USD in December. A decrease of 5.38% annually

Euro (EUR): While it was at 1 GBP = 1.17 EUR in January 2023, it decreased to 1 GBP = 1.14 EUR in December. A decrease of 2.56% annually

Turkish Lira (TRY): While it was at 1 GBP = 35.37 TRY in January 2023, it increased to 1 GBP = 40.51 TRY in December. An annual increase of 14.61%

Especially in big cities, basic needs such as accommodation, food and transportation are more costly than in Turkey.

England is generally a country with a low earthquake risk. Large and destructive earthquakes occur rarely.

Earthquake Regions: The western and northwestern regions of the country have a higher earthquake risk compared to the southeastern and eastern regions. Recent Earthquakes: A 5.1 magnitude earthquake occurred in Hampshire in 2003. This is one of the largest earthquakes ever recorded in the UK.

There are regulations that must be followed for buildings to be earthquake resistant.

The main language of instruction in schools in England is English. In both public and private schools, the curriculum is presented in English and classes are taught in English.

Second languages ​​may also be taught in some schools. The most common second languages ​​are:

French: It is the second most learned language in England.

Spanish: Its popularity has been increasing in recent years.

German: Especially common in some regions.

Latin: Can be taught especially in private schools and schools providing classical education.

Other Languages: Languages ​​such as Mandarin Chinese, Arabic, Japanese and Russian may also be offered as options in some schools.

Many schools in the UK offer internationally recognized diplomas. These diplomas are accepted by universities and employers in many countries around the world.

Most Common Diplomas:

A-Level: It is a diploma program offered in the last two years of high school education in England. It is accepted for entry to undergraduate programs at many universities around the world.

IB Diploma: It is a diploma program given by the International Baccalaureate Office. Similar to A-Level, the IB Diploma is accepted for entry to undergraduate programs at many universities around the world.

GCSE: General Certificate of Secondary Education is a diploma program offered in the last two years of compulsory education in England. Required for entry to A-Level and IB Diploma.

In the UK: Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) applies.

In Turkey: Türkiye Time (TS) is valid.

TS is 2 hours ahead of GMT. So, while it is currently 13:00 in the UK, it is 15:00 in Turkey.

Germany: Berlin, Munich, Frankfurt

France: Paris, Lyon, Marseille

Spain: Barcelona, ​​Madrid, Malaga

Italy: Rome, Milan, Venice

Netherlands: Amsterdam, Rotterdam

Belgium: Brussels

Switzerland: Zurich, Geneva Austria: Vienna

Denmark: Copenhagen

Sweden: Stockholm

Norway: Oslo

Finland: Helsinki

Russia: Moscow, St. petersburg

Türkiye: Istanbul, Ankara, Antalya, Izmir Some airlines offering direct flights from Turkey to England:


Air Pegasus

Airlines Turkish Airlines


Corendon Airlines


British Airways

Yes, it is possible to start a business as a citizen of the Republic of Turkey.

General conditions:

Being Over 18: You must be over 18 to start a business in the UK. Legal Residency: You must be a legal resident or have a work permit in the UK.

Additional Technical Terms:

Permits and Licenses by Industry: Depending on the industry, you may need additional permits or licenses to operate your business. For example, if you are going to operate in the food industry, you need to obtain a food hygiene certificate.

Tax Registration: You must be a taxpayer in the UK and register with your tax office.

Insurance: It is important to have insurance to protect your business and yourself against risks. -Company Formation: In the UK, you can choose between different company types, such as a limited company (Ltd) or a sole proprietorship limited company (LTD). You need to register your company at Companies House.

Bank Account: You need to open a bank account for your business in the UK.

68.3 million (2024) London: 9.5 Million